New York Times reported May 28th, 1940 that
concentrated yesterday (May 27th) on smashing
the troops held in the roughly triangular
salient extending from the region of Calais down
to the Arras Cambrai area and back up to the
Netherlands border." And on May 28th, when my
father and sister arrived in New York Harbor,
the King of the Belgians surrendered his army, a
decision that, as the Times reported the next
day, on Wednesday, May 29th, "France received
with horror and anger," and that the "Belgian
newspaper published in Paris carried a banner
headline: 'Belgium Betrayed by Her King.' "
Nevertheless, "it appeared that the prime task
was to got those men in the Flanders pocket out
of there and get them out fast. Paris still
claimed to hold Dunkerque." And the Times also
reported that "RAF bombers had raided military
objectives in the important German industrial
centers of Dusseldorf, Duisburg, Dortmund,
Hamburg, Bremen, and Cologne."
May 28th Times noted that "Italy went on openly
preparing for war against the Allies today."
Also, in a Times report datelined Naples, May
27th, the "United States liner Manhattan arrived
here today her return passage already filled to
overflowing by 2,000 home-going Americans. Many
believed it might be the last American passenger
ship to enter the Mediterranean area until the
war is over. Five hundred applicants were unable
to obtain passage because the liner is booked to
capacity. Americans jammed shipping offices."
Also, the liner the SS Washington "was expected
to sail from Italy June 15, but the belief was
expressed that she might not be able to complete
her next eastward voyage to Italy before this
country became a belligerent." Indeed, Mussolini
declared war on France and Britain on June 10th,
about three weeks after my father and sister
left Genoa for the United States.
And the first major ghetto of the new German
empire had been created in Lodz in February 1940
and sealed on April 30th.